Three Mental Qualities: Sattwa, Rajas, Tamas

The three guòas, sattwa, rajas, and tamas are found in nature and in the mind, paralleling the three doßhas of the body. Sattwa, or purity, is the preferred mental state because a person with this quality is calm, alert, kind, and thoughtful. A per- son whose mind is predominantly rajasic (too ac- tive) is always seeking diversions (incessant ac- tivity). The tamasic-predominant mind is a dull, lethargic mind.
Just as combinations of Váyu, Pitta, and Kapha exist for the body, the mind has combinations of sattwa, rajas, and tamas. Individuals whose minds are sattwic and rajasic are those who enthusiasti- cally study spiritual and holistic measures to im- prove themselves. Rajasic/tamasic minded people will actively work and exercise to overcome their lethargy.
Mental balance and the development of purity and peace develop the mind towards a sattwic mind. This is the first stage of samádhi or spiritual real- ization.
To decide the cause of illness, the practitioner observes, questions, and takes the pulse of the pa- tient. Illness can be understood by learning its cause, or seeing it in its incubatory, beginning, developmental, or advanced stages.

The Váyu Mind

When Váyu doßha persons are balanced, they are cheerful, creative, and adaptable. When Váyu doßhas are imbalanced, they are worried, nervous, fearful, and giddy.
The mental constitution of Váyu individuals tends towards fear, anxiety, and insecurity. They can easily be deceived with threats or promises. They do not have much courage, are of solitary nature, and possess few intimate friends (although they form friends with those in other social circles). Váyu people do not make good leaders or followers and are not materialistic (as they spend and earn freely).
Sattwic influence creates comprehension, the need for unity and healing, and creates a positive mental outlook.
Rajasic influence creates indecisiveness, unreliability, hyperactivity, and anxiety.
Tamasic influence creates fear, a servile atti- tude, dishonesty, depression, self-destructiveness, addictive behavior, sexual perversions, animal in- stincts, or suicidal thoughts.

The Pitta Mind

When Pitta doßha individuals are healthy or balanced, they are goal-oriented, powerful, warm, athletic.

When Pitta doßhas are imbalanced, they are burnt out, angry, impatient, irritable, and critical.

Mental Pitta individuals possess fiery emotions like irritability, anger, and hate. Mentally, they have abilities of penetration, yet can be aggressive and seldom  sentimental. They  are  determined, articulate, convincing, and yet may try to dominate others with their will and ideas. They are self- righteous and may become fanatical. Pitta people are good leaders, ambitious, and work hard to achieve great goals. They help their families and friends, but are cruel and unforgiving to enemies. Also, they are bold, adventurous, daring and enjoy challenges. Although they have much clarity, they lack compassion.
Sattwic influence creates clarity, intelligence, leadership, warmth, and independence.
Rajasic influence creates willfulness, ambition, anger, manipulation, vanity, impulsiveness, and aggressiveness.
Tamasic influence creates vindictiveness, vio- lence, hate, criminality, and psychopathic behav- ior.

The Kapha Mind

When Kapha doßha persons are healthy they love to cook for others, are strong, and loyal.
Imbalanced Kapha doßhas become lethargic, hoarding, overly materialistic

These people are the emotional ones, full of love, desire, romance, and sentiment. However, they also have the negative emotions of lust and greed. Kapha doßhas find it hard to adapt to new situations, yet they are very loyal. They have many friends and are close to their families, communi- ties, religions, and countries. They are more com-
fortable with practical knowledge than with ab- stract ideas.

Sattwic influence creates calmness, peace, love, compassion, faith, nurturing, and forgiveness. Rajasic influence creates greed for money, mate- rial luxuries, and comfort. They are too sentimental, controlling, attached, and lustful. Tamasic influences create dullness, sloth, lethargy, depression, lack of care and a tendency to steal.
 

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